EU and international law

2021. szeptember 24. 17:50
“It seems since 1945 Japanese society has been balanced by a long-term political domination by the conservative camp and a western type of liberal democracy whose legal basis was given by the current Constitution. Consequently, a kind of constitutional patriotism and a so-called national identity have struggled and coexisted throughout the post-war period” – Hajime Yamamoto, professor of law at the Keio University pointed out in a conversation with Lénárd Sándor.
2021. szeptember 17. 20:20
"Courts have to cooperate in securing the legal order of the European Union, which consists of the EU law corpus and the national law. I always describe it as a table with twenty-seven feet. The table plate alone would not stand without the legs as they are bound together in order that they work" – Peter M. Huber Professor of Law and Justice of the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany pointed out in a conversation with Lénárd Sándor.
2021. szeptember 6. 19:33
“Using force or threat to glue us together is not democratic. In my childhood, I lived in a state which was forced to be together. It did not end well. It never does. I have learned that. Instead, my approach to Europe is a very cautious bottom-up approach which would respect diversity. Democracy is indeed a slow and difficult, challenging process. It takes time; it is not always easy to understand. It is challenging all the time” – Rajko Knez, President of the Constitutional Court of Slovenia in a conversation with Lénárd Sándor.
2021. augusztus 12. 14:14
Globalization and deglobalization come in alternating waves phases of strong globalization carry the seeds of their destruction, that is: such phases generate the forces that ultimately set limits and force a retreat of internationalization – Peter A.G. van Bergeijk pointed, professor at the International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University out in a conversation with Lénárd Sándor.
2021. július 17. 21:42
“The mindless proliferation or invention of rights to address ever-more-specific groups and issues also undermines the principle of universality that lies at the core of international human rights. In most cases, the major problems in the world today do not require new rights but rather implementation of those that are already recognized” – Hurst Hannum, professor of internatiol law at the Tufts University pointed out in a conversation with Lénárd Sándor, researcher at the National University of Public Service
2021. július 14. 19:55
Investment arbitration is a one-way street in which the host state is a perpetual respondent. Likewise, the vast majority of existing IIAs provides host state obligation alone without any references to investors’ responsibilities. I think that the international investment regime should be reformed and the reform process should allow certain flexibility to incorporate different needs and demands, using, for example, opt-in and opt-out methods – Tomoko Ishikawa professor of international law at Nagoya University pointed out in a conversation with Lénárd Sándor.
2021. június 20. 18:35
The economics will no longer be only on labor costs, but also on working capital, velocity and inventory. Organizations will focus on moving material more swiftly and responding more quickly to costumers instead of seeking arbitrage on labor costs. I think that type of strategy has run its course and it is not going to continue – Robert Handfield, Professor of Supply Chain Management at North Carolina State University pointed out in a conversation with Lénárd Sándor, researcher of the National University of Public Service.
2021. június 18. 22:01
A titre personnel je regrette vraiment le refus d’ouvrir le renvoi préjudiciel aux tribunaux arbitraux. Mais du point de vue du droit européen cette solution est logique – dit Arnaud de Nanteuil professuer de droit international à l’ Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne dans une entretien avec Lénárd Sándor.
2021. június 4. 19:11
"What we will likely see is a longer-term supply chain shift. We have already started to see the shift of high-labor work from China to other countries such as Vietnam, India, and Mexico. I anticipate companies and countries will continue this trend; it just may not be so evident since it is more of a long-term strategy" – Lorena Mathien, associate professor of the State University of New York at Buffalo pointed out in a conversation with Lénárd Sándor, researcher at the National University of Public Service.
2021. május 16. 22:33
I think that the connection between antitrust law and constitutional regime is important; however, it is rarely made. To the extent that these platforms are dominant and thus have complete control over some aspects of digital social life like Twitter for microblogging or Google for search or Facebook for social networking, they start to approximate to a state -- Professor Frank Pasquale pointed out in a conversation with Lénárd Sándor, researcher at the National University of Public Service.
2021. március 29. 21:42
Corporate actors have not accumulated and wielded power – to the extent that they have – in defiance of international law or in its absence. They have done so through the deft navigation and wielding of international legal rights and norms and by aligning and embedding their interests with and within states and international organizations – Fleur Johns pointed in a conversation with Lénárd Sándor, researcher at the National University of Public Service.
2021. február 9. 22:46
Today, it is evident that the tech companies have become a threat for our democracies and bring more polarization in society. They have to be regulated. The European proposals that are the precursors of coming national laws, such as in Hungary have the right approach – Jan A.G.M. VAN DIJK, Professor of University of Twente pointed out in a conversation with Lénárd Sándor, researcher at the National University of Public Service.
2021. január 22. 22:00
Artificial Intelligence poses the challenge of automating the cognitive domain. Where we define the line between what is helpful in extending our capabilities and what is simply replacing them is I think a fundamental question of philosophy, but one that has direct challenges for deliberative democracy and the possibility of normative discourse – explain Christopher Markou Professor of Law at Cambridge University in a conversation with Lénárd Sándor, researcher at the American Studies Research Institute of the National University of Public Service, located in Budapest.
2021. január 22. 21:14
Fairness in accountable and explainable processes needs to set the expectation for technological development. This means investment in talents and research, for sure, but it needs to be of a multidisciplinary variety, encouraging also the traditional academic organisations to ensure stronger collaborative abilities between different faculties, and the surrounding society – Stefan Larsson, Associate Professor in Technology and Social Change at Lund University pointed out in a conversation with Lénárd Sándor, researcher of the National University of Public Service.
2021. január 8. 20:41
Human rights are not primarily about legality but rather moral commitments and morally informed actions on a collective political level. That is the place of nation state sovereignty. Law can of course play an important role in codifying sovereign decisions, but laws cannot take the place of sovereignty – conversation with David Tse-Chien Pan.
2020. november 22. 10:11
The economic and information globalizations pose new threats and challenges to the protection of human rights. The ongoing international regulatory efforts in this area offer great opportunities to enable clarity around the obligations of transnational companies, including large tech companies – pointed out by Robert McCorquodale, Professor of International Law and Human Rights at the Nottingham University during a conversation with Lénárd Sándor, researcher at the American Studies Research Institute of the National University of Public Service, located in Budapest.
2020. szeptember 18. 18:45
The business that can get the end customer the good faster will end up with the sale. What this means for global supply chains given the ‘longer, slower’ supply chains with COVID19 is the ‘loss of the sale’. We are seeing a ‘protectionist’ strategy throughout the world. I am talking a decade or more before the pendulum will start to swing back toward globalization -- Fish A. Lynn, professor of Canisius College, pointed out.
2020. június 20. 13:56
Many developing countries signed investment treaties in a rush without any comprehensive legal review or risk assessment and in the majority of cases it was not until they became subject to claims that they realized that what they had seen mostly as diplomatic tokens of goodwill were, in fact, some of the most potent instruments underwriting economic globalization – says Lauge N. Poulsen, Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies at the Department of Political Science, University College, London in a conversation with Lénárd Sándor, researcher at the American Studies Research Institute of the National University of Public Service, located in Budapest.
2019. november 7. 16:01
One of the biggest challenges of current international law is that while transnational corporations are increasingly recognized as right holders, they still do not have legally binding obligations. This problem should be tackled by a number a different ways bearing in mind that states are still the main actors in international legal matters – pointed out by Bruno Simma, Professor of International Public Law and former judge at the International Court of Justice in The Hague in a conversation in the interview series of Lénárd Sándor, researcher at the National University of Public Service, located in Budapest.
2019. november 7. 16:01
One of the biggest challenges of current international law is that while transnational corporations are increasingly recognized as right holders, they still do not have legally binding obligations. This problem should be tackled by a number a different ways bearing in mind that states are still the main actors in international legal matters – pointed out by Bruno Simma, Professor of International Public Law and former judge at the International Court of Justice in The Hague in a conversation in the interview series of Lénárd Sándor, researcher at the National University of Public Service, located in Budapest.
2019. július 29. 10:45
Investment treaties are exposing the state to serious risks to its capacity to carry out its sovereign responsibilities. They make sovereign concessions in a general fashion to a wide range of actors who are unknown to the state. States should make clear to foreign investors they will protect them but not at such a high cost to sovereignty – says Gus Van Harten, Professor of Law at Osgoode Hall Law School, York University in Canada.
2019. június 13. 9:31
Transnational economic law shall be measured against human rights standards, while there is no place for an investment protection system in an internal market – says Markus Krajewski, chair in Public Law and Public International Law at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg during a conversation with Lénárd Sándor, researcher at the American Studies Research Institute of the National University of Public Service, located in Budapest.

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